Episode 28 - ATONEMENT

  • Universal Sin Problem (Romans 3)
  • Genesis 3
    • Sin 
    • Shame/Vulnerability (a need to hide behind something)
    • Their own coverings were inadequate...they had to come from God
    • Principle here: In order to cover man's sin, something innocent has to die
  • Leviticus 17:11
    • Life (soul) of the flesh is in the blood
    • Blood in the place of (at the expense of) that makes atonement
    • The concept of Ransom Price
    • The Ransom Price must be in the form of a life...hence the necessity of blood
  • Hebrews 9:22 - "Without the shedding of blood..."
  • SUBSTITUTION as the Ransom Price
  • Yom Kippur (Leviticus 16)
    • A Community Day of Atonement
    • 2 Goats
      • Goat #1
        • Slain for its blood of atonement
        • Sprinkled by the high priest on the mercy seat
        • Temporary atonement for the community's sins
        • An inner cleansing that only God knows about
      • Goat #2
        • The Scapegoat
        • Confession of the sins of the community on this live goat
        • A ritual of transference and then banishing of the goat
        • Public display and representation of the liberation from sin
      • There are shadows of the cross in both goats
    • The NT frequently uses "ransom price" for Jesus's blood of atonement


With all resources we reference or recommend for further reading, make sure you put these works through the Berean Test (Acts 17:11) to check the validity of their contents with the Scriptures themselves.


This book is really helpful for going deeper into many of the ways the Old Testament anticipates Christ. Motyer's section on Atonement for Sin and the necessity of blood as a ransom price is excellent.